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Similarities and Differences


The table on this page shows some of the important facts and figures for both Uganda and the UK. It's interesting to see that in many ways Uganda and the UK are similar. Their total sizes are not too dissimilar, and the percentage of arable land use is almost identical.

Both countries produce potatoes, vegetables, cattle and poultry; and Ugandan and UK citizens both love mobile phones.

In other ways the countries differ enormously. The UK population is twice that of Uganda, with much lower infant death rates and longer life expectancy. If you have HIV/AIDS you are 16 times more likely to die from it in Uganda than you are in the Uk, thanks to better health care. However, there are roughly 10.5 million people living in poverty in Uganda and only 2 million fewer (8.5 million) in the same situation in the UK .

In the UK we use over 200 times as much electricity every year as Uganda does, despite our population only being twice as large, and we use almost 20 times as much water per person as Uganda does.


Information Uganda UK
Land area 199,710 sq km 241,590 sq km
Coastline 0 km 12,429 km
Climate tropical; generally rainy with two dry seasons (December to February, June to August); semiarid in northeast temperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current; more than one-half of the days are overcast
Land use arable land: 21.57%
permanent crops: 8.92%
other: 69.51%
arable land: 23.23%
permanent crops: 0.2%
other: 76.57%
Population 30,262,610 60,776,238
Age Structure 0-14 years: 50.2%
15-64 years: 47.6%
65 years and over: 2.2%

0-14 years: 17.2%
15-64 years: 67%
65 years and over: 15.8%

Infant Mortality total: 67.22 deaths/1,000 live births
total: 5.01 deaths/1,000 live births
Life Expectancy total population: 51.75 years
male: 50.78 years
female: 52.73 years
total population: 78.7 years
male: 76.23 years
female: 81.3 years
HIV/AIDS - people living with 530,000 51,000
HIV/AIDS - deaths: 78,000 less than 500
total population: 66.8%
male: 76.8%
female: 57.7%

total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99%
Population below poverty line: 35% 14%
Agriculture coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, cassava (tapioca), potatoes, corn, millet, pulses, cut flowers; beef, goat meat, milk, poultry cereals, oilseed, potatoes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, poultry; fish
Industries sugar, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles; cement, steel production machine tools, electric power equipment, automation equipment, railroad equipment, shipbuilding, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, electronics and communications equipment, metals, chemicals, coal, petroleum, paper and paper products, food processing, textiles, clothing, other consumer goods
Electricity - consumption 1.674 billion kWh 348.7 billion kWh
Telephones - main lines in use: 108,100 33.602 million
Telephones - mobile cellular: 2.009 million 69.657 million
Airports 32 449
Airports - with paved runways 5 310
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural) total: 0.3 cu km/yr (43%/17%/40%)
per capita: 10 cu m/yr
total: 11.75 cu km/yr (22%/75%/3%)
per capita: 197 cu m/yr
Television broadcast stations: 8 (plus 1 repeater) 228 (plus 3,523 repeaters)
Roadways total: 70,746 km
paved: 16,272 km
unpaved: 54,474 km
total: 388,008 km
paved: 388,008 km
Railways 1,244 km 16,567 km


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